UV/Vis+ Photochemistry Database

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UV/Vis+ Photochemistry Database

Literature Service: Halogens / Halogen Oxides I

Substances: Br2, Br3-, Cl, Cl+, Cl2, F2, I2, I3-, ClF, BrCl, BrCl2-, Br2Cl-, ICl, IBr   

The relevant Spectral Data, graphical representations, links to abstracts and other photochemical data & information are available for registered users, see Subscription

Please note: The substance groups are only a rough classification. To search for a specific substance please use the Search Tool or see the Substance-list.

Substances unsorted, use your browser capabilities to search this site or use our Search Tool to search the database.

Authors Journal/Source Title/Paper Data Sheet
Br2; bromine; CAS-No.: 7726-95-6
A.P. Acton, R.G. Aickin, N.S. Bayliss J. Chem. Phys., 4, 474-479, (1936) The continuous absorption spectrum of bromine: A new interpretation

N.S. Bayliss, A.R.H. Cole, B.G. Green Australian J. Scientific Res. A Physical Sciences, 1 (4), 472-479, (1948) The Visible Absorption Spectrum of Bromine in Solution

M. Anbar, I. Dostrovsky J. Chem. Soc., 1105-1108, (1954) Ultra-violet absorption spectra of some organic hypohalites

D.J. Seery, D. Britton J. Phys. Chem., 68 (8), 2263-2266, (1964) The Continuous Absorption Spectra of Chlorine, Bromine, Bromine Chloride, Iodine Chloride, and Iodine Bromide

H. Galal-Gorchev, J. C. Morris Inorg. Chem., 4 (6), 899-905, (1965) Formation and stability of bromamide, bromimide, and nitrogen tribromide in aqueous solution

V. McMillan  Calvert and Pitts, Photochemistry, John Wiley & Sons, London, p. 184, (1966)   (298 K)

A.A. Passchier, J.D. Christian, and N.W. Gregory J. Phys. Chem., 71, 937-942, (1967) The Ultraviolett-Visible Absorption Spectrum of Bromine between Room Temperature and 440° 

H. Gutmann, M. Lewin, B. Perlmutter-Hayman J. Phys. Chem., 72 (10), 3671-3673, (1968) Ultraviolet absorption spectra of chlorine, bromine, and bromine chloride in aqueous solution

C. Eden, H. Feilchenfeld, S. Manor Analytical Chemistry, 41, 1150-1151, (1969) Simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of nitrosyl bromide and bromine

P. Venkateswarlu Can. J. Phys., 47(22), (1969) The vacuum ultraviolet spectrum of the bromine molecule

J.M. Pink Can. J. Chem., 48(7), 1169-1171, (1970) Spectrophotometric determination of the hydrolysis constant of bromine at 25 °C

T. Kennedy, R.S. Sinclair, T.J. Sinclair J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 33, 2369-2376, (1971) The U.V. spectrum and photolysis of phosphorus halides in hydrocarbon solvents - II: Phosphorus tribromide and phosphorus pentabromide in cyclohexane

W.Y. Wen, R.M. Noyes J. Phys. Chem., 76, 1017-1018, (1972) Ultraviolet spectra of single and double molecules of gaseous bromine

C.P. Hemenway, T.G. Lindeman, J.R. Wiesenfeld J. Chem. Phys., 70, 3560-3561, (1979) Measurement of the A 3PI 1u <-- X 1SIGMA+g continuum absorptivity in Br2

C. Roxlo, A. Mandl J. Appl. Phys., 51, 2969-2972, (1980) Vacuum ultraviolet absorption cross sections for halogen containing molecules

W. Schneider, G. von Helden priv. comm., (1991) MPI Mainz, 1991 (294 K)

S. Hubinger, J.B. Nee J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 86, 1-7, (1995) Absorption Spectra of Cl2, Br2 and BrCl between 190 and 600 nm

R. C. Sharmaa, H.-Y. Huang, W.-T. Chuang, K.-C. Lin Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Mol. Biomol. Spectroscopy, 61, 2115-2120, (2005) Continuum and discrete pulsed cavity ring down laser absorption spectra of Br2 vapor

J. Tellinghuisen J. Phys. Chem. A ,112, 5902-5907, (2008) Equilibrium constants from spectrophotometric data: dimer formation in gaseous Br2

Br3-, tribromide anion; CAS-No.: 
J.M. Pink Can. J. Chem., 48(7), 1169-1171, (1970) Spectrophotometric determination of the hydrolysis constant of bromine at 25 °C

Cl; chlorine atom; CAS-No.: 22537-15-1
R. Mevel, L. Catoire, M. Fikri, P. Roth Chem. Phys. Lett., 561-562, 31-35, (2013) Measurement of the absorption cross sections of SiCl4, SiCl3, SiCl2 and Cl at H Lyman-alpha wavelength

Cl+; chlorine cation; CAS-No.: 24203-47-2
E.M. Hernández, A.M. Juárez, A.L.D. Kilcoyne, A. Aguilar, L. Hernández, A. Antillón, D. Macaluso, A.Morales-Mori, O. González-Magaña, D. Hanstorp, A.M. Covington, V. Davis, D. Calabrese, G. Hinojosa J. Quant. Spectr. Rad. Transfer, 151, 217-223, (2015) Absolute measurements of chlorine Cl+ cation single photoionization cross section

Cl2; chlorine; CAS-No.: 7782-50-5
E.R. Laird Astrophys. J., 14, 85-115, (1901) The absorption spectrum of chlorine

H. von Halban, K. Siedentopf Z. Elektrochem., 28, 496-499, (1922) Die Lichtabsorption des Chlors

G.E. Gibson, N.S. Bayliss Phys. Rev., 44, 188-192, (1933) Variation with Temperature of the Continuous Absorption Spectrum of Diatomic Molecules: Part I. Experimental, The Absorption Spectrum of Chlorine 

F.W. Jones, W. Spooner Trans. Faraday Soc., 31, 811-813, (1935) Absorption of Light by Gaseous Chlorine in the Wavelength Region 5040 A.U. to 5320 A.U. 

W.C. Fergusson, L. Slotin, D.W.G. Style Trans. Faraday Soc., 32, 956-962, (1936) The absorption spectrum of aqueous chlorine and hydrogen peroxide vapor

R.G. Aickin, N.S. Bayliss Trans. Faraday Soc., 33, 1333-1338, (1937) The Continuous Absorption Spectrum of Chlorine in the Region 4000-5000 A 

M. Anbar, I. Dostrovsky J. Chem. Soc., 1105-1108, (1954) Ultra-violet absorption spectra of some organic hypohalites

H. Martin, R. Gareis Z. Elektrochem., 60, 959-964, (1956) Die Kinetik der Reaktion von ClO2 mit NO2 in der Loesungsphase 

F.W. Czech, R.J. Fuchs, H.F. Antczak Anal. Chem., 33 (6), 705-707, (1961) Determination of mono, di, and trichloramine by ultraviolet absorption spectrophotometry

D.J. Seery, D. Britton J. Phys. Chem., 68 (8), 2263-2266, (1964) The Continuous Absorption Spectra of Chlorine, Bromine, Bromine Chloride, Iodine Chloride, and Iodine Bromide 

T. A. Jacobs, R. R. Giedt J. Quant. Spectr. Rad. Transfer, 5 (3), 457-458, (1965) Absorption coefficients of Cl2 at high temperatures

H. Gutmann, M. Lewin, B. Perlmutter-Hayman J. Phys. Chem., 72 (10), 3671-3673, (1968) Ultraviolet absorption spectra of chlorine, bromine, and bromine chloride in aqueous solution

H.-D. Knauth, H. Alberti, H. Clausen J. Phys. Chem., 83, 1604-1612, (1979) Equilibrium Constant of the Gas Reaction Cl2O + H2O = 2HOCl and the Ultraviolet Spectrum of HOCl 

C. Roxlo, A. Mandl J. Appl. Phys., 51, 2969-2972, (1980) Vacuum Ultraviolet Absorption Cross Sections for Halogen Containing Molecules

A.E. Douglas Can. J. Phys./Rev. can. phys., 59(6): 835-840, (1981)  The absorption spectrum of Cl2 in the vacuum ultraviolet

J.B. Burkholder, E.J. Bair J. Phys. Chem., 87, 1859-1863, (1983) Potential Energy Parameters and Shapes of the Vibrational Components of the 345-nm System of Chlorine 

J. Heicklen, J. Desai, A. Bahta, C. Harper, R. Simonaitis J. Photochem., 34, 117-135, (1986) The temperature and wavelength dependence of the photo-oxidation of propionaldehyde

M. Ferriol, J. Gazet Analytica Chimica Acta, 209, 321-325, (1988) Ultraviolet absorption spectra of chloramines and chlorine in carbon tetrachloride

P. Gürtler, H. Kunz, J. Le Calve J. Chem. Phys., 91, 6020-6028, (1989) Vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy of the Cl2 molecule trapped in pure neon, pure argon, or mixed neon–argon matrices

J.A. Ganske, H.N. Berko, B.J. Finlayson-Pitts J. Geophys. Res., 97, 7651-7656, (1992) Absorption Cross Sections for Gaseous ClNO2 and Cl2 at 298 K: Potential Organic Oxidant Source in the Marine Troposphere 

D. Maric, J.P. Burrows, R. Meller, and G.K. Moortgat J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 70, 205-214, (1993) A Study of the UV-Visible Absorption Spectra of Molecular Chlorine 

Tian Xiang Wang, Mark D. Kelley, John N. Cooper, Richard C. Beckwith, Dale W. Margerum Inorg. Chem., 33 (25), 5872-5878, (1994) Equilibrium, Kinetic, and UV-Spectral Characteristics of Aqueous Bromine Chloride, Bromine, and Chlorine Species

S. Hubinger, J.B. Nee J. Photochem. Photobiol., 86, 1-7, (1995) Absorption Spectra of Cl2, Br2 and BrCl between 190 and 600 nm 

Y. Chen, L. Zhu J. Phys. Chem. A, 105, 9689-9696, (2001) The wavelength dependence of the photodissociation of propionaldehyde in the 280-330 nm region

Y. Chen, L. Zhu, J.S. Francisco J. Phys. Chem. A, 106, 7755-7763, (2002) Wavelength-dependent photolysis of n-butyraldehyde and i-butyraldehyde in the 280-330-nm region

J. Tellinghuisen J. Phys. Chem. A, 107, 753-757, (2003) Precise equilibrium constants from spectrophotometric data: BrCl in Br2/Cl2

Y. Chen, L. Zhu J. Phys. Chem. A, 107, 4643-4651, (2003) Wavelength-dependent photolysis of glyoxal in the 290-420 nm region

I. A. K. Young, C. Murray, C. M. Blaum, R. A. Cox, R. L. Jones, F. D. Pope Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 13, 15318-15325, (2011) Temperature dependent structured absorption spectra of molecular chlorine

X. Duan, T. Sanan, A. de la Cruz, X. He, M. Kong, D.D. Dionysiu Environ. Sci. Technol., 52 (15), 8252-8262, (2018) Susceptibility of the Algal Toxin Microcystin-LR to UV/Chlorine Process: Comparison with Chlorination

related data (quantum yield studies; photolysis studies, etc.)
G.E. Busch, R.T. Mahoney, R.I. Morse, K.R. Wilson J. Chem. Phys. 51, 449 (1969) Translational Spectroscopy: Cl2 Photodissociation

J. Fournier, F. Salama, R. J. Le Roy J. Phys. Chem., 89(16), 3530-3534, (1985) Ultraviolet photolysis and internal dynamics of molecular chlorine in an argon matrix at 4.2 K

J.B. Nee Chinese Journal of Physics, 26, 254-261, (1988) Excited Chlorine Atoms Produced from Photodissociation of Cl2 with Vacuum Ultraviolat Radiation

Y. Matsumi, M. Kawasaki, T. Sato, T. Kinugawa, T. Arikawa Chem. Phys. Lett., 155 (4-5), 486-490, (1989) Photodissociation of chlorine molecule in the UV region

M. J. Watts, K. G. Linden Water Research, 41 (13), 2871-2878, (2007) Chlorine photolysis and subsequent OH radical production during UV treatment of chlorinated water

Additional datasheets and spectra of Cl2 are available at  our Spectra Service
F2; fluorine; CAS-No.: 7782-41-4
R.K. Steunenberg, R.C. Vogel J. Am. Chem. Soc. 78, 901-902, (1956) The Absorption Spectrum of Fluorine

R. P. Iczkowski, J. E. Margrave J. Chem. Phys., 30, 403-405, (1959) Absorption Spectrum of Fluorine in the Vacuum Ultraviolet

G.N. Makeev, V.F. Sinyanskii, B.M. Smirnov Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 222, 151-154, (Doklady- Phys. Chem., 452-455), (1975) Absorption spectra of certain fluorides in the near ultraviolet region

E.A. Colburn, M. Dagenais, A.E. Douglas, J.W. Raymonda Can. J. Phys., 54, 1343-1359, (1976) The electronic spectrum of F2

V. A. Legasov, G. N. Makeev, V. F. Sinyansky, B. M. Smirnov J. Fluorine Chem., 11 (2), 109-118, (1978) Fluorine absorption spectra and some fluorides in condensed state

R. Holland, J. L. Lyman J. Quant. Spectr. Rad. Transfer, 38, 79-80, (1987) Ultraviolet Absorption Spectrum of Molecular Fluorine

P.F. Levelt, K.S.E. Eikema, S. Stolte, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs Chem. Phys. Lett., 210, 307-314, (1993) XUV-laser excitation of molecular fluorine

G.A. Argueello, G. Balzer-Joellenbeck, B. Juelicher, H. Willner Inorg. Chem., 34 (3), 603-606, (1995) Properties of fluoroformyl hypofluorite, FC(O)OF, revisited

A.J. Cormack, A.J. Yencha, R.J. Donovan, K.P. Lawley, A. Hopkirk, G.C. King Chem. Phys., 213, 439-448, (1996) High-resolution threshold photoelectron spectroscopy of molecular fluorine

related data (quantum yield studies; photolysis studies, etc.)
A.E. Croce, C.A. Tori, E. Castellano Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie; 216, 947, (2002) The Photolysis of Fluorine at 366 nm in the Presence of Bis(Fluoroformyl)Peroxide

I2; iodine; CAS-No.: 7553-56-2; PubChem: CID 807
K. Vogt, J. Koenigsberger Zeitschrift für Physik, 13 (1), 292-311, (1923) Beobachtungen über Absorption in Joddampf und anderen Dämpfen

E. Rabinowitch, W.C. Wood Trans. Faraday Soc., 32, 540-546, (1936) The extinction coefficients of iodine and other halogens

P. Sulzer, K. Wieland Helvetica Physica Acta, 25, 653-676, (1952) Intensitätsverteilung eines kontinuierlichen Absorptionsspektrums in Abhängigkeit von Temperatur und Wellenzahl

D.F. Evans J. Chem. Phys., 23, 1424-1426, (1955) Absorption spectra of iodine amd bromine in the gas phase and "inert" solvents. I. Iodine

R.D. Verma J. Chem. Phys., 32, 738, (1960) Ultraviolet Resonance Spectrum of the Iodine Molecule

P. Venkateswarlu Can. J. Phys., 48(9), (1970) Vacuum ultraviolet spectrum of the iodine molecule

J. Tellinghuisen J. Chem. Phys., 58, 2821-2834, (1973) Resolution of the visible-infrared absorption spectrum of I2 into three contributing transitions

S. Gerstenkorn, P. Luc Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), vol. 1, (1978) Atlas du spectre d'absorption de la molecule d'iode 14800-20000 cm-1

A.J. Yencha, M.C.R. Cockett, J.G. Goode, R.J. Donovan, A. Hopkirk, G.C. King Chem. Phys. Lett., 229, 347-352, (1994) Threshold photoelectron spectroscopy of I2

A. Saiz-Lopez, R.W. Saunders, D.M. Joseph, S.H. Ashworth, J.M.C. Plane Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 1443-1450, (2004) Absolute absorption cross-section and photolysis rate of I2  

J.A. Eng, J.L. Hardwick, J.A. Raasch, E.N. Wolf Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Mol. Biomol. Spectroscopy, 60, 3413-3419, (2004) Diode laser wavelength modulated spectroscopy of I2 at 675 nm 

P. Spietz, J. Gomez Martin, J.P. Burrows Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 2177-2191, (2006) Effects of column density on I2 spectroscopy and a determination of I2 absorption cross section at 500 nm

C. Noelleke, C. Raab, R. Neuhaus, S. Falke J. Mol. Spectroscopy, 346, 19-22, (2018) Laser absorption spectroscopy of iodine between 915 and 985 nm

S.D. Furrow, G.E. Schmitz Chem. Phys. Lett., 730, 186-190, (2019) I2O in solution and volatility

related data (quantum yield studies; photolysis studies)
L. Brewer, J. Tellinghuisen J. Chem. Phys. 56, 3929-3938, (1972) Quantum Yield for Unimolecular Dissociation of I2 in Visible Absorption

P. O'Keeffe, D. Stranges, P.L. Houston J. Chem. Phys., 127, 144309, (2007) Neutral photodissociation of superexcited states of molecular iodine

I3-; triiodide anion; periodide; CAS-No.: 14900-04-0; PubChem: CID 105054
Tung-Ho. Chen Anal. Chem., 39 (7), 804-813, (1967) Spectrophotometric Determination of Microquantities of Chlorate, Chlorite, Hypochlorite, and Chloride in Perchlorate

ClF; chlorine fluoride; CAS-No.: 7790-89-8
A. L. Wahrhaftig J. Chem. Phys., 10, 248, (1942) The Absorption Spectrum of Chlorine Fluoride

H. Schmitz, H.J. Schumacher Zeitschrift für Naturforschung A, 2a, Heft 11/12, 359, (1947) Das Bandenspektrum und die Dissoziationswärme des ClF

R.D. Wilson, A.E. Axworthy, K.O. Christe Journal of the Argentine Chemical Society, Vol. 93 - No. 4/6, 1-20, (2005) Photochemistry of interhalogen compounds

V. A. Alekseeva, N. Schwentner Chem. Phys. Lett., 495, 24-26, (2010) Absorption and luminescence excitation spectra of ClF in the Vac UV region

BrCl; bromine chloride; CAS-No.: 13863-41-7
D.J. Seery, D. Britton J. Phys. Chem., 68 (8), 2263-2266, (1964) The Continuous Absorption Spectra of Chlorine, Bromine, Bromine Chloride, Iodine Chloride, and Iodine Bromide 

H. Gutmann, M. Lewin, B. Perlmutter-Hayman J. Phys. Chem., 72 (10), 3671-3673, (1968) Ultraviolet absorption spectra of chlorine, bromine, and bromine chloride in aqueous solution

A. Hopkirk, D. Shaw, R.J. Donovan, K.P. Lawley, A.J. Yencha J. Phys. Chem., 93, 7338-7342, (1989) Vacuum-Ultraviolet Absorption, Fluorescence Excitation, and Dispersed Fluorescence Spectra of BrCl

D. Maric, J.P. Burrows, G.K. Moortgat J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem., 83, 179-192, (1994) A Study of the UV-Visible Absorption Spectra of Br2 and BrCl 

S. Hubinger, J.B. Nee J. Photochem. Photobiol., 86, 1-7, (1995) Absorption Spectra of Cl2, Br2 and BrCl between 190 and 600 nm 

BrCl2-; dichlorobromate(1) ion; BrCl2 anion; CAS-No.:
Tian Xiang Wang, Mark D. Kelley, John N. Cooper, Richard C. Beckwith, Dale W. Margerum Inorg. Chem., 33 (25), 5872-5878, (1994) Equilibrium, Kinetic, and UV-Spectral Characteristics of Aqueous Bromine Chloride, Bromine, and Chlorine Species

Br2Cl-; Br2Cl anion; dibromochloride anion; CAS-No.: 16871-87-7
Tian Xiang Wang, Mark D. Kelley, John N. Cooper, Richard C. Beckwith, Dale W. Margerum Inorg. Chem., 33 (25), 5872-5878, (1994) Equilibrium, Kinetic, and UV-Spectral Characteristics of Aqueous Bromine Chloride, Bromine, and Chlorine Species

ICl; iodine chloride; CAS-No.: 7790-99-0
J.L. Binder Phys. Rev., 54, 114-117, (1938) The Continuous Absorption Spectrum of Iodine Monochloride in the Ultraviolet

D.J. Seery, D. Britton J. Phys. Chem., 68 (8), 2263-2266, (1964) The Continuous Absorption Spectra of Chlorine, Bromine, Bromine Chloride, Iodine Chloride, and Iodine Bromide 

E.B. Nebeker, C.J. Pings J. Phys. Chem., 69 (7), 2483-2484, (1965) The continuous absorption spectrum of iodine monochloride

D. Paredes-Roibás, M. Balaganesh, T. Kasai, J.M. Gavira-Vallejo, K.C. Lin J. Phys. Chem. A, 122 (42), 8344-8353, (2018) Cavity ring-down absorption spectroscopy: Optical characterization of ICl product in photodissociation of CH2ICl at 248 nm

related data (quantum yield studies; photolysis studies, etc.)
N. Diamantopoulou, A. Kartakoulis, P. Glodic, T.N. Kitsopoulos, P.C. Samartzis J. Chem. Phys., 134, 194314, (2011) Ultraviolet photodissociation of iodine monochloride (ICl) at 235, 250, and 265 nm

Additional datasheets and spectra of ICl are available at  our Spectra Service
IBr; iodine bromide; CAS-No.: 7789-33-5
D.J. Seery, D. Britton J. Phys. Chem., 68 (8), 2263-2266, (1964) The Continuous Absorption Spectra of Chlorine, Bromine, Bromine Chloride, Iodine Chloride, and Iodine Bromide 

R. J. Donovan, P. J. Robertson Spectroscopy Letters, 5, 361-369, (1972) Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectrum of IBr

Additional datasheets and spectra of IBr are available at  our Spectra Service